DOIs (digital object identifiers) are unique alphanumeric codes assigned by publishers who use the DOI standard to each unique article, chapter, book, or other type of publication.
Books may be assigned a DOI number if the publisher requests one, but most publishers are still not aware of the advantages of having DOIs for books.
A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is as persistent and stable as an ISBN, but it has the advantage of being easier to use in the online environment because it always resolves to the URL of the digital version of the record (VoR).
In today’s blog, we’ll look at DOIs, their importance in the digital publishing landscape, and some of the advantages of using DOIs for books.
Benefits of DOIs for books
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a single persistent identifier that belongs to the publisher.
DOIs are an excellent way to organize your scholarly content because they generate and track usage, and attribution, and facilitate the online exchange of scholarly content. The publisher registers the DOI with services like Crossref or Datacite, which means that with the persistent identifiers (PIDs), all service providers and aggregators will be able to track citations, online mentions, and usage and redirect users to the publisher’s electronic version.
The DOI metadata model enables the provision of information that is compatible with and mutually supportive of that provided by the ISBN system. The guiding principles for referencing other identifier schemes within the DOI System are to maximize utility for potential users and efficiency among registration agencies.DOI System Factsheet
Increasingly, book authors, especially authors of open-access works, are looking for the same kind of usage and impact metrics that they have come to expect for their journal articles. They would like to see citations, geographical location of usage, and mentions on Twitter, Facebook, or in newspapers and blogs. All of these kinds of metrics are largely dependent on authors and systems using DOIs to ensure the best possible attribution. Without a DOI, many citations will not be able to be resolved.
Saying it in a few words: Your book metrics will be ‘incomplete’ without a DOI.
How ScienceOpen makes use of book DOIs?
When we see a book or book chapter is cited by another article, chapter, or book using a DOI, at ScienceOpen we check our own database—if we have seen that book before, we increase its citation index. If we haven’t seen that DOI, we query the Crossref and Datacite databases and add the publicly available metadata as a new record, and so forth.
On ScienceOpen, we currently have over 7 million book and chapter records like this, with the top book cited over 5000 times. The book title with a DOI can be picked up by a whole range of automatic indexing services that use Crossref and Datacite metadata to create attractive services for users. On ScienceOpen it can be easily shared, commented on, added to a bibliography, reviewed, or enhanced by the author.
ScienceOpen can use the “DOI look-up” to redirect users to the publisher’s version of the record where they can buy or download a title. Users can be further redirected to your website from our BUY BOOK button on any book title, which simplifies the acquisition process and can provide you with a higher return on investment on your book collection.
The ISBN is a great tool to find a specific product in bookstores and libraries, but it usually does not link to the publisher’s website and is rarely used by authors to cite a work. Most book DOIs are built up using the publisher prefix and the ISBN. See a few examples below.
Adding a DOI to a book or book chapter makes a record more easily accessible in the digital space for topically specific information, which is the starting point for scientific communication, promotion, and sales.
Enhancing metadata for books – BookMetaHub
The digital publishing environment is rapidly changing, and information exchange between publishers, retailers, booksellers, and their supply chain partners has become critical to responding to such a rapidly changing environment.
ONIX data is primarily used by publishers, retailers, booksellers, and supply chain partners to communicate product information, such as ISBN, paperback, hardback, and sales price.
Because of the lack of standardized communication between various indexing systems and respective data formats, inconsistencies in information exchange can lead to the creation of numerous barriers to the accessibility and visibility of book content online.
Missing persistent identifiers, machine-readable licenses, or content link-outs affect not only the user experience within an electronic research environment but have implications for the entire publishing landscape around books, including the various stakeholders involved in this process.
ScienceOpen’s answer to the situation is BookMetaHub!
BookMetaHub is an online platform that will aid in the enrichment and standardization of new and existing metadata for open access and traditional book publications alike.
Through our BookMetaHub, it is simple to upload ONIX files and note where information is missing, such as license information (unlock key for OA), references, abstracts, and so on, and rectify it quickly and easily.
BookMetaHub will not only help to build a more open and inclusive publishing ecosystem, but it will also help publishers simplify content management by providing a freely accessible, cutting-edge hub designed for an easier exchange and update of interoperable book and chapter metadata for academic book titles.
You can learn more about BookMetaHub and all the services provided by it on our blog here.
ScienceOpen metadata support
If you are interested in getting DOIs for your books and chapters but don’t know where to start, ScienceOpen can help. We have a number of publishers who are using ScienceOpen to create and register DOIs:
- Mathematics: Revision Guide for Pure Mathematics 3 / DOI: 10.55846/9789675492075
- Mending Hearts: Healing from Separation and Loss; A Collection of True Stories / DOI: 10.55846/9789675492662
- Physics of the Body: Revised Second Edition / DOI: 10.54947/9781930524941
- Image Guidance in Radiation Therapy: Techniques, Accuracy, and Limitations : American Association of Physicists in Medicine, Medical Physics Monograph No. 39 / DOI: 10.54947/9781936366620
- From Media Hype to Twitter Storm : News Explosions and Their Impact on Issues, Crises and Public Opinion / DOI: 10.5117/9789462982178
- How Things Make History : The Roman Empire and its terra sigillata Pottery / DOI: 10.5117/9789462980549
We also work with a range of publishers that already have DOIs to upgrade the digital presence of their portfolio and promote their books on ScienceOpen and beyond.
- Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Narrative Aesthetics in Video Games / DOI: 10.3726/b18052
- The List: The Making of an Online Transnational Second Generation Community / DOI: 10.3726/b19323
- A Bibliography of Chinese Language Materials on the People’s Communes / DOI: 10.3998/mpub.19297
- Ethnic Diversity and the Control of Natural Resources in Southeast Asia / DOI: 10.3998/mpub.19481
- Re-translations to Paratexts to Children’s Literature / DOI: 10.18690/978-961-286-398-2
- New Horizons in Subject-Specific Education: Research Aspects of Subject-Specific Didactics / DOI: 10.18690/978-961-286-358-6
- Indigeneity, Indigenous feminisms and Indigenization / DOI: 10.5040/9781350237506.ch-007
- Playing the Religion Card: The Creation and Dissolution of Rajneeshism / DOI: 10.5040/9781350162945.ch-008
Get in touch!
With the shift to digital and new open-access models, the scholarly publishing industry is undergoing rapid transformation. Publishers can use ScienceOpen to create rich metadata for their content and enter new marketing and sales channels for their book portfolios. To learn more, contact the ScienceOpen team’s Stephanie Dawson or Stuart Cooper.