Preprint peer review on ScienceOpen

Preprint peer review on ScienceOpen

A group of industry thought leaders led by ASAPbio recently published a Consensus View on open preprint peer review practices, Recommendations for accelerating open preprint peer review to improve the culture of science. The authors, including ScienceOpen CEO Stephanie Dawson, explore how the growing prevalence of preprints offers an opportunity to reimagine peer review, fostering a culture of more comprehensive and collaborative evaluation processes. Open preprint peer review can enhance accessibility, benefit early career researchers, and streamline evaluation, reducing delays. The authors also address some of the challenges associated with evaluating preprints, and present recommendations for transparent and equitable preprint peer review. 

“When peer reviews of preprints are made publicly available, readers are able to see the reports alongside the article, evaluate the claims, and join the conversation.” 

Avissar-Whiting et al. (2024)

Preprints and open peer review on ScienceOpen 

Since its inception, ScienceOpen has been developing software, workflows and support systems for open peer review, as well as actively promoting the peer review of preprints across the whole digital landscape and facilitating it within its network. As a leader in open science publishing, we offer a range of preprint and peer review tools and workflows to support preprint management, post-publication review, and the creation of open access journals based on open peer review. 

The ScienceOpen infrastructure allows researchers to post their preprints directly on the platform so that they can be reviewed by other ScienceOpen researchers. In order to maintain a high level of quality, only users registered with an ORCID author ID with at least 5 publications can write a review, but early-career researchers and citizen scientists can add comments and recommendations. All reviews on ScienceOpen are published with a Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY (4.0) license and receive a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) from CrossRef. If the work is later accepted for publication and indexed on ScienceOpen, the preprints can be linked to the published work, giving readers the insight into all stages of the publication process.  

Explore ScienceOpen Preprints 

The ScienceOpen Preprints collection now contains over 1000 preprints. Authors can take advantage of the open review interface to invite public feedback on their work and then submit it to the journal of their choice. Further, if a preprint receives at least two 2 positive statements from peers, the author can decide to publish the work on ScienceOpen Research after a potential revision, copyediting and typesetting. For more information, read more about publishing scholarly content with ScienceOpen, as well as take a look at our general submission guidelines

ScienceOpen also offers its infrastructure to a range of other projects and institutions to create and manage their own preprint servers. Below are some of the preprint servers hosted on ScienceOpen: 

DrugRxiv is an open community resource for preprints from the field of Drug Repurposing, funded and managed by the RePo4EU consortium. The platform welcomes submissions from various topics in drug repurposing, from freedom-to-operate analysis to intellectual property protection and business development, health technology assessment, ethics and data governance considerations. The unique DrugRxiv preprint submission system includes an automated check for scientific rigor by SciScore and a similarity check by Crossref powered by iThenticate.   

AfricArxiv is a community-led digital archive for African research communication that provides a non-profit platform to upload working papers, preprints, accepted manuscripts (post-prints), presentations and datasets. AfricArxiv is dedicated to opening up research and collaboration among African scientists, increasing the visibility of African research output and fostering interdisciplinary collaboration globally.    

Born from a partnership between ScienceOpen and the University of South Africa (Unisa), UnisaRxiv is a preprint repository that facilitates open peer review and allows for rapid dissemination of the latest findings in diverse topics and disciplines. Manuscripts submitted to UnisaRxiv are first evaluated on their merit and scientific validity by a member of the appropriate discipline and copy-edited by the editorial team of UNISA Press before being posted on the ScienceOpen platform, ready to be reviewed. 

Journals with an Open Peer Review model 

Together with the University College of London UCL Press, ScienceOpen developed a model of journal publishing based on posting manuscript submissions as preprints and doing open review on them before final acceptance into the journal. The UCL Open: Environment is now in its 6th year of publication!  

Here are some of the other open review journals available on the ScienceOpen platform. 

The Journal of Systems Thinking (JoST) is the first and only open-access post-publication peer-reviewed (PPPR) journal dedicated to basic scientific research, innovation, and public understanding in the areas of Systems Thinking (cognitive complexity), Systems Mapping (visual complexity), Systems Leadership (organizational complexity), and Systems Science (ontological complexity).   

The Journal of Systems Thinking has chosen an open peer review system based on rapid posting of a preprint, open review, discussion and revision and then final publication in the Journal. 

New Psychiatry is a newly-established journal dedicated to novel ideas in the field, as long as they are conceptually defensible and scientifically supportable. You can read the editorial of this New Psychiatry here and submit your research to the journal through this link where it will be posted as a preprint and openly reviewed.     

Research on preprints on ScienceOpen 

Are you interested in finding out more about how preprints and open peer review can improve the accessibility of research and the scientific publishing workflow? Take a look at the Preprint Peer Review collection on ScienceOpen: 

Join our network!   

ScienceOpen and its discovery environment are here to help you through the various stages of the process by making workflow management easier with a user-friendly interface, cutting-edge discovery tools, and innovative features that aid in the dissemination and communication of research outputs. To learn more about how we can fit our services to your needs, contact Stephanie Dawson (CEO) or Stuart Cooper (Global Business Development Director) 

1 thought on “Preprint peer review on ScienceOpen”

  1. A growing but already major problem with publications is that compared with 50 years ago there is no discussion of papers and one suspects not as much reading of published works as was once the case. This is a considerable problem. One way around this would be to treat the peer review process more as a form of discussion process. Often those reviewing a paper are likely to be among the very small number that ever get around to reading it. So why not allow the reviews to be published along with the author’s responses? This way we might get around to once again encouraging the sort of dialogue upon which science and indeed any subject rely upon.

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