Ever wanted to know what the temperature in the depths of the ocean is? Why and how has our climate changed through time? What are the thermal boundaries of life? To what extent earthquakes are predictable?
These are some of the intriguing and fundamental questions helping to shape our knowledge and depict the future of our planet. These are the questions that the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) is finding answers for. Recently, the IODP integrated all of its published research into the ScienceOpen network, increasing its availability and accessibility. All published content is Open Access for all ScienceOpen users to enjoy!
IODP is an international marine research collaboration that explores Earth’s history and dynamics. They use ocean-going research platforms to recover data recorded in seafloor sediments and rocks and to explore sub-seafloor environments. Scientists from 24 countries embark on IODP research expeditions conducted throughout the world’s oceans.
Here are some of the top features of the IODP research program:
Open data for global research
In addition to informing decision makers about some of the most challenging environmental issues our society is facing today, IODP also places special emphasis on keeping the wider public informed about their latest scientific discoveries. All IODP publications are therefore openly accessible for everyone, not just the global scientific community. Samples and data collected during drilling expeditions are available to scientists and teachers in 5 core repositories around the world, while scientific and technical accomplishments are reported in the Open Access publication series Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program.
Ocean research opened up for discovery
Being now indexed on ScienceOpen, the volumes of all proceedings are transformed into part of our interlinked research network. The web of references and citations facilitate the recognition of scientific connections, patterns and lineages that would otherwise remain invisible. What’s more, you can now export all the relevant metadata into your citation managers with just one click.
Research from the IODP is centred around 4 main topics.
1.Climate & ocean change
Samples from the core of the ocean floor give insight into what the climate was like in deep time. The ocean floor is therefore especially invaluable for the study of Earth’s climate history. Some selected research articles in this field include:
- Changes in the Indian summer monsoon at orbital to suborbital timescales.
- The evolution of the equatorial climate system throughout the Cenozoic period.
- The linkages between global climate change, modification of surface process dynamics, and subsequent tectonic responses in St. Elias orogen of Alaska, the highest coastal mountain range on Earth.
2. Biosphere frontiers
Studying the process of serpentinisation (chemical modification of basaltic lavas through interaction with seawater) yields insights on the origins as well as thermal limits of life on Earth, and the boundaries of life in the most extreme circumstances: at the bottom of the deep oceanic biosphere.
Diving into this line of ocean research, we can learn more about whether and how life thrives in lower-energy environments like off the Shimokita Peninsula, Japan, at a water depth of 1180 meters, or inside a rocky crust under the colder North Pond, along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
3. Earth system connections
Investigations on the formation of volcanic rift margins and oceanic plateaus can teach us about the often explosive dynamics of Earth’s outer crust, and the evolution of Earth’s surface. Expeditions shed light on:
- The evolution and dynamics of the Antarctic cryosphere.
- The overall tectonic and magmatic history of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) arc in the western Pacific
- The effects of tectonic activity on evolution of the Gibraltar Gateway and margin sedimentation and its influence on global circulation and climate.
4. Earth in motion
Recognising the causes and modelling circumstances of earthquakes and landslides is critical in assessing potential future hazards, and in saving human lives in risk-prone areas. Research here aims to identify subduction zones and the geological properties of the surrounding sediments, and how these influence the occurrence of earthquakes and what we can do to mitigate their effects. The Costa Rica Seismogenesis Project, the Japan Trench Fast Drilling Project or Lesser Antilles Volcanism and Landslides project are among the multidisciplinary mega-endeavours aiming to accomplish this mission and to find clues for the causes of large earthquakes.
Whether you are interested in an expedition, site, region or scientific goal, our numerous semantic search filters and multiple sorting options allow you to drill deep down into the IODP collection and find exactly what you are looking for. Give it a go!